Naturopath in Norfolk - The organ of the body called the kidney has several functions and plays an important part in the urinary system. The functions of the kidney comprises the maintaining of the acid-base balance, helping to serve the homeostatic functions of electrolyte regulation and maintaining the salt and water balance that helps in the blood pressure regulation. The kidneys serve the body by removing wastes and redirecting them to the urinary bladder. The kidneys act basically as a natural filter of the blood.
When producing urine, the kidneys help emit wastes like for instance ammonium and urea from the body. They are also responsible for the reabsorption of glucose, water and amino acids. The kidneys produce various hormones as well like: calcitrol, the enzyme known as rennin and erythropoietin.
The kidneys can be located at the rear of the abdominal cavity within the retro peritoneum. The blood comes into the kidneys from the paired renal arteries and flow out into the paired renal veins. Each kidney then excretes urine into a ureter. This is a tube-like paired structure that releases into the urinary bladder.
Nephrology is the medical forte concerned with diseases of the kidney. Renal physiology describes the study of kidney function. People with kidney disease often display characteristic clinical features such as chronic kidney disease, renal cysts, nephritic and nephritic syndromes, urinary tract obstruction, acute kidney injury and nephrolithiasis.
There are cancers of the kidney which also exist, with renal cell carcinoma being the most popular renal cancer. Lots of cysts, cancers and renal conditions can be managed with kidney removal, also called nephrectomy. Kidney dialysis and kidney transplantation are different treatment options if renal function, that is measured by glomerular filtration rate is always poor.
Kidney stones are normally painful and may be a nuisance until dealt with, yet they are not severely harmful. Treatments making use of waves of sound can help to break up the stones into smaller pieces so that they are more easily passed through the urinary tract. Sharp pain within the lateral and median parts of the lower back is one of the main indications.
In the body, the kidney is essential part of homeostasis. Their responsibilities consist of the regulation of electrolyte concentrations, balancing acids-bases, blood pressure regulation and regulation of the volume of extracellular fluid. The kidney functions both independently and together with different organs to be able to do these important jobs. The kidneys work directly together with the endocrine system and numerous endocrine hormones coordinate these functions including: rennin, angiotensis II, aldosterone and others.
Nearly all of the functions that the kidney carries out is done by relatively simple mechanisms of filtration, secretion and reabsorption, which happens in the kidney nephron. Filtration will normally occur within the renal corpuscle. This is the method wherein big proteins and cells are filtered from the blood to make an ultra-filtrate. This particular substance ultimately becomes urine. The kidney generates approximately 180 litres of filtrate eachday. They reabsorb a large percentage of the filtrate and generate about only 2 litres of urine on a daily basis. Reabsorption is the term for the transportation of molecules from this ultra-filtrate into the blood. Conversely, secretion is the reverse method, in which molecules are transported in the opposite direction, from the blood into the urine.
The wastes which are generated by the metabolism are then emitted by the kidneys. The nitrogenous wastes can comprise urea, which is catablized from protein and uric acid from the metabolization of nucleic acid.
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