Autism Norfolk - The neural development disorder labeled autism is normally characterized by social interaction, impaired communication and by repetitive and restricted behavior. These characteristics will often become present before the child reaching the age of three.
Autism affects how the nerve cells and their synapses connect and organize and this affects how information is processed in the brain. How and why this takes place is not really understood. There are 3 known disorders within the autism spectrum: Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified, that is commonly abbreviated as PDD-NOS, and Asperger Syndrome. Asperger Syndrome lacks delays within cognitive and language development. PDD-NOS are diagnosed when the full set of criteria for Asperger Syndrome or autism are not met.
Genetics seem to be strongly linked with autism. The genetics of autism have proven to be somewhat complex and it is unclear whether certain cases of autism are explained by rare combinations of common genetic variants or by rare mutations in the genes. In several circumstances, autism is strongly linked with agents that result in birth defects. There have been disagreements surrounding proposed environmental reasons including pesticides and heavy metals. At one point there was concern about childhood vaccines although this hypotheses is biologically implausible and lacks convincing scientific evidence.
Statistics place the prevalence of autism at about 1 to 2 people per 1000 people throughout the globe. Within the USA, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that about 9 out of one thousand kids are diagnosed with a kind of autism. Ever since the 1980s the number of individuals diagnosed has dramatically increased. This can be partly due to the changes in diagnostic procedures. It is hard to determine if the actual prevalence has increased.
Parents would normally begin to notice symptoms of autism in the first 2 years of their kid's life. The signs would gradually develop, while several children will initially develop more normally and after that they regress. Early cognitive intervention or behavioural therapy could help autistic kids gain self-care, social skills and communication skills.
There have been several instances where children have recovered, although there is no known treatment. Several individuals believe that changes to the food intake and the prevention of particular environmental additives and chemicals will help to cure this condition. nearly all kids with autism do not live alone once they reach adulthood, but some have become successful.
The characteristics of autism are usually highly variable. At first, this neuro-developmental disorder appears in early childhood and usually follows a steady course without remission. Several signs appear about 6 months of age and then become more established by age 2 or 3, and could continue into adulthood. Autism is characterized by a triad of symptoms consisting of: communication impairments, restricted interests, impairments in social interaction, and repetitive behavior.
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