Dermatology Norfolk - A skin rash is defined as a change of the skin that affects its appearance, texture or color. Rashes could be localized in one area of the body or they may affect the entire skin. Normally, rashes can cause the skin to itch, become dry, bumpy, cracked, painful, blistered, warm or swollen. Normally, rashes could cause the skin to change color. The causes and treatments for rashes differ considerably depending on the diagnosis. The diagnosis is formed by considering a variety of elements like what the patient's occupation is, the rashes' overall appearance, family history, what the person may have been exposed to and other signs. The diagnosis may in fact confirm whatever number of health problems.
Having a rash appear anywhere on the body could indicate connected symptoms and signs that are common of specific diseases. Like for example, the rash in measles is known as an erythematous, morbilliform, maculopapular rash. This normally presents itself a couple of days after the fever begins and classically it presents at the head and then works its way downwards.
The most common causes of a skin rash comprise food allergies, anxieties, medicines, dyes and insect stings and bites. Jewelry made of nickels and zincs have been found to be allergens. Skin contact with an irritant usually leads to hives. These raised portions of skin can become itchy, red, inflamed, painful and swollen. Rashes may even result from a reaction to vaccination, from a fungal infection like ringworm, from friction due to chafing of the skin, from heat exposure or sunburn, and from skin diseases like for example acne or eczema.
Bacterial and viral infections could cause a rash on the skin. The chickenpox, smallpox, cold sore and measles viruses could cause distinct and uncomfortable rashes. There are various uncommon causes of rashes like for instance: lead poisoning, Lyme disease, pregnancy, autoimmune disorders like for example psoriasis and of course repeated and frequent scratching on a particular area.
There are a lot of possible causes of a rash, making the evaluation more difficult. To be able to acquire an accurate evaluation, a health provider may need to do a completely thorough history. Like for instance, what is the patient's job? Are they taking any kind of medication on a regular basis? Has the person recently traveled to whichever exotic locations? Normally, a complete physical examination would be helpful to determine the cause and origin of the rash.
Specific Factors to Include in the Examination Are:
When referring to the appearance of the rash, is it for instance purpuric, that is typical for vasculitis and maningococcal disease, or is it sandpaper and fine as found with scarlet fever? Is the rash consisting of plaques with silver scales that is usually seen with psoriasis? Or does the rash consist of circular lesions with a central depression, which is normal of molluscum contagiosum or small pox?
What is the distribution of the rash? For example with chicken pox, the vesicles often follow the hollows of the body; therefore, they are most prominent in the hollows of both shoulder blades as well as along the depression of the spine on the back. The rash presented with scarlet fever becomes confluent and forms bright red lines in the skin creases of the armpits, groins and neck. These lines are called Pastia's lines. There are not many rashes which affect the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet, however this can be seen in rikettsia or spotted fever, secondary syphilis, foot, mouth and hand disease as well as guttate psoriasis and likewise in kertoderma blenorrhagica. The symmetry of the rash is another feature to consider. For instance, herpes zoster usually just affects one side of the body throughout an outbreak and does not cross the midline.
It is normally good advice never to scratch a rash, since whichever scratching can cause it to spread. It could be tempting to gently rub the affected area in order to provide temporary relief but it is better to avoid contact with the affected areas completely.
Different skin diseases could show their indications on the body. These signs could come in the form of Acne Vulgaris that consists of papules, nodules, pustules, comedones. Normally, this particular condition is found on the back, chest and the face. Acne Rosacea is defined as an area of redness or flushed appearance, usually found on the chin, nose, forehead or cheeks. Boils are a skin condition which could occur anywhere as a cluster or series of red painful bumps or a painful red bump. Cellulitis can be found around a skin breach like for example in a cut or scrape. It presents as a red, swollen and tender part of skin. Insect bites can happen anywhere on the body and are found as itchy and red, often swollen bumps on the skin.
Allergic reactions could visibly appear as raised, flat or irregular red sores that appear on the skin after ingesting or being exposed to some foods or taking drugs or medicine. Hives can occur anywhere. These are bumps that form all of a sudden and are often initially noticed on the face. Seborrheic Dermatitis is the definition of swelling and bumps that appear near glands. Cradle Cap is a condition on the scalp of newly born babies which looks like dry, scaly skin. Irritant Contact Dermatitis is another condition that becomes a red, oily or scaly or itchy rash. It can be found on the eyebrows, edge of the scalp, nose or where the body is in contact with perfume, jewelry or clothing.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis is the allergic response to trees and bushes, including sumac, poison ivy and oak. On the person, these can show as scaly, red, itchy or oily rash which can be leathery or weeping. Allergic Purpura could occur anywhere on the body and looks like tiny red dots on the skin or even larger, bruise-like spots that appeared after taking medicine. Pityriasis Rosea could initially start with a single red, scaly, slightly itchy spot. In a few days, there could be large numbers of smaller patches of tan or red rash. This is found on the chest and abdomen part. Dermatitis Herpetiformis is a condition that consists of an extremely itchy rash along with red bumps and blisters, found on the elbows, buttocks, knees or back.
Other common types of rashes include: warts, Erythema nodosum, Psoriasis, Chickenpox, Fifth Disease, Shingles, diaper rash, Ringworm, Jock itch, yeast infection, Tinea versicolor, Impetigo, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, Scabies, Lupus erythematosus, and a lot more.
Depending upon the type of rash the individual has, there are different treatment options accessible. Lots of skin rashes can be cured utilizing non-steroidal treatments like for instance salves made with sage, aloe vera, tea tree oil or comfrey. Other topical steroid creams like hydrocortisone are prescribed. Different medications can be found over the counter and some could be specifically blended from a Naturopathic doctor or Herbalist.
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